Now that we have reviewed the skills and foundational principles of studying, it is time to put them into practice. Check out these past posts, Three Tips for Effective Studying and Effective Study Principles: Knowledge & Confidence, to get an overview before we look at the myths, facts and fixes in regard to the principle of seeking knowledge.
Knowledge is the act of acquiring information and transforming it into understanding, insight, or wisdom. Students who actively work to transfer information from short to long-term memory seek knowledge. They understand how to learn. Seeking knowledge helps kids succeed in a class and aids in future courses and careers.
But what barriers prevent students from applying this foundational principle? How can kids fix the problem with practice?
The first barrier is student misconceptions about studying. Many students believe three myths about studying.
Myth 1: Reading is sufficient to gain knowledge.
Fact: For most people, reading needs to be combined with other tactics to transform information into knowledge.
Fix: Learning about other study strategies and applying those strategies will help students move information into long-term memory. Every time the material is reviewed, encourage your child to do it in a different way. For instance, he can review the material on his own and highlight the key points. He can review in a small group of classmates. Then he can follow up by writing everything he recalls about the notes before he reviews them again.
Myth 2: Studying harder means doing more of what has already been done.
Fact: Studying harder may mean spending more time. But in many cases, more means studying differently to supplement what the child has already been doing.
Fix: Adding visual, verbal, or kinesthetic learning tactics to the repertoire of study strategies will improve retention more than using only one type of technique.
Myth 3: Studying longer is better.
Fact: Studying more often for shorter periods of time improves retention more than studying less often for longer periods.
Fix: Divide study times into shorter periods over many days. If that is not possible, break up the study time on a given day. Encourage your child to study for a while, go do something else, and then come back to studying the same material.
The second barrier to seeking knowledge is how much students misjudge the time and effort it takes to transform information into knowledge. Many students do not set aside the time or expend the energy needed to build knowledge. They may overestimate their abilities, underestimate the complexity of the material, or both. The end result is both the time and energy to successfully transfer the information into long-term memory is lacking.
Now you have a few specific tools to help you children truly gain knowledge in school versus memorizing, cramming, or playing constant catch up. Help your child use these tools but don’t do it for him. Students need to own their strategies! They need to spend time trying different techniques to find what works best– what study strategies are most efficient. With this knowledge students can go forward in all levels of schooling knowing they are able to succeed.
By Megan Stone, M.Ed.
Wife to Rick,
Mom of two
1 Corinthians 13 Parenting Team Member
Founder of Stone Foundations of Learning, Inc.
Author of Own Your Education! A Student’s Guide to Greater Success in School (And Life)
For more about these concepts from Megan, read Own Your Education: A Student’s Guide to Greater Success in School (and Life). The book makes a great graduation gift!
Register before April 26 for a discount!
Click HERE to connect to Calvary Church to register for the conference!